condition


condition
condition n 1 Condition, stipulation, terms, provision, proviso, reservation, strings are comparable when meaning something that is established or is regarded as the prerequisite of a promise or agreement being fulfilled or taking effect.
Condition implies the laying down of something as a prerequisite which must be observed or satisfied if the validity of the whole agreement, promise, dispensation, or gift is not to be destroyed
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he was to go to Oxford or Cambridge ... if he succeeded in gaining a scholarship

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That was the condition his father had laid down— Archibald Marshall

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though they regarded the diplomatic service as a preserve for their younger sons, they attached to it the condition that no youth should be eligible for it without a private income of four hundred a year— Shaw

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just had to keep writing—writing was a profession, a way of life, a condition of his survival— Anderson

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Stipulation differs from condition chiefly in implying a formal, explicit, and often written statement (as a contract) binding a party thereto to a specified course
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he made the stipulation that payments be in gold

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one consequence of this contract by the law that governed it and by the stipulation of the lessor was that if the lessee held over he held over for a yearJustice Holmes

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a stipulation is a statement of conditions that are agreed to in the conduct of some affair— Kaufmann

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Terms indicates conditions offered or agreed upon by one or both parties to a contract, agreement, or deal; thus, two parties may come to terms (i.e., may agree upon such a matter as work to be done, prices to be paid, or a division of property)
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only a general of repute could get recruits, and for that service he could make his own termsBuchan

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the terms of the lease are not harsh— Montague

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a certain despair of her ever understanding . . . the terms of a contract— Mary Austin

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Provision applies chiefly to a documentary statement which provides measures for the treatment of certain matters legally
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the admission of Arkansas with a provision in its constitution forbidding the abolition of slavery without the consent of the slaveowners— L. B. Evans

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according to the provisions of the constitution the state courts have no jurisdiction in this controversy

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It may be specifically used of a clause or of a part of such a document or of a document that is comparable in laying down a condition or making a stipulation
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into his will he wrote a provision that all of his children should accept his decision regarding the disposal of his property on pain of being disinherited

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Proviso denotes a condition or a stipulation, especially one that is clearly stated and binding passionate feeling is desirable, provided it is not destructive; intellect is desirable, with the same provisoRussell
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it is because the practical businessman always forgets this proviso that he is such a hopeless idiot politically— Shaw

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Reservation indicates a qualification or modification of the terms of an agreement or statement, often to cover contingencies. It may become a stipulation or proviso if the other party or parties concerned agree or acquiesce
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she [Spain] had already in the treaty of Madrid promised to leave the Valtelline, but with such reservations that she could still hold on— Belloc

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or it may be avowed only to oneself (mental reservation) in evading the generally understood sense of a promise or an oath or other statement that one is impelled to make for reasons of necessity or expediency
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the issues that won him most votes were issues that, at bottom, he didn't believe in; there was always a mental reservation in his rhetoric— Mencken

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Strings suggests strands which the maker of a promise, a proposal, or an offer keeps in his hands so that he may pull them back if what he lays down as a condition or imposes as a stipulation is not kept; the term usually denotes conditions or provisos, often unexpected or concealed, that may radically alter or even annul an agreement
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make me a cash offer, with no strings

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Analogous words: prerequisite, requisite, *requirement
2 *state, situation, mode, posture, status
Analogous words: circumstance, *occurrence, event: occasion, antecedent, *cause: *phase, aspect, side, facet, angle
3 *disease, disorder, affection, ailment, malady, complaint, distemper, syndrome
condition vb *prepare, fit, qualify, ready

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • condition — [ kɔ̃disjɔ̃ ] n. f. • v. 1160 « convention, pacte »; bas lat. conditio, class. condicio I ♦ (État, manière d être.) A ♦ (Personnes) 1 ♦ (XIIIe) Vieilli Rang social, place dans la société. ⇒ classe, état. L inégalité des conditions sociales. Les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • condition — con·di·tion 1 n 1: an uncertain future act or event whose occurrence or nonoccurrence determines the rights or obligations of a party under a legal instrument and esp. a contract; also: a clause in the instrument describing the act or event and… …   Law dictionary

  • condition — CONDITION. s. f. La nature, l état et la qualité d une chose ou d une personne. La condition des choses humaines est d être périssables. La condition des Princes les oblige à plus de devoirs que les autres hommes. Cette marchandise n a pas les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • condition — CONDITION. s. f. La nature, l estat & la qualité d une chose ou d une personne. La condition des choses d icy bas. la condition des hommes semble plus malheureuse que celle des animaux. la condition des Princes ne souffre pas &c. cette… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Condition — • That which is necessary or at least conducive to the actual operation of a cause Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Condition     Condition      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • condition — con‧di‧tion [kənˈdɪʆn] noun [countable] LAW INSURANCE something stated in a contract, agreement, or insurance policy that must be done or must be true otherwise the contract, agreement, or policy will be ended or will not remain in force: • You… …   Financial and business terms

  • condition — Condition, Conditio. Basse condition, Ignobilitas. Un homme de basse condition ou estat, Vnus de multis, Infimus homo, Homo vltimae professionis. Quand on est issu de parens de basse condition, Obscuritas. Qui n est point de servile condition,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Condition — Con*di tion, n. [F., fr. L. conditio (better condicio) agreement, compact, condition; con + a root signifying to show, point out, akin to dicere to say, dicare to proclaim, dedicate. See {Teach}, {Token}.] 1. Mode or state of being; state or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • condition — [kən dish′ən] n. [ME & OFr condicion < L condicio, agreement, situation < condicere, to speak with, agree < com , together + dicere, to speak: see DICTION] 1. anything called for as a requirement before the performance or completion of… …   English World dictionary

  • Condition — or Conditions may refer to: Contents 1 Logic 2 Computer programming 3 Other 4 See also Logic Logical conditional …   Wikipedia


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